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Jacksonville Chiropractor | Jacksonville chiropractic care | FL | Body Composition & Metabolism Analysis


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Body Composition & Metabolism Analysis
Jacksonville Chiropractor | Jacksonville chiropractic Body Composition & Metabolism Analysis |  FL |
Our office offers a non-invasive test to measure:

* Phase Angle (Cell Health)
* Body Fat Percentage
* Intracellular Water (Toxicity Level)
* Body Hydration
To insure accurate testing results please observe the following guidelines:

* No alcohol consumption within 24 hours of test.
* No exercise, caffeine or food within 4 hours of test.
* No diuretic medications within 12 hours of test.
* Consume 4 glasses of water 2 hours before the test.

Phase Angle
The phase angle is expressed in degrees of phase shift. One complete cycle of current
represents 360 degrees, so a phase shift of 6 degrees represents a shift of 6/360 ths
of a cycle or 1.67 percent. The phase angle is one of the best indicators of cellular health
and function available. It is computed from the resistance and reactance values and is an
indicator of the amount of electrical charge the cell membrane can hold. This is dependent
on the total cell membrane mass and the efficiency of protein and electrolyte channel
functions. Therefore, total charge and phase angle is useful indices of cellular health and
function. The larger the phase angle, the better the cellular membrane integrity and, t
herefore, cell function.

Body Fat Percentage
Body Fat or Fat Mass consists of all the extractable lipids from adipose and other tissues
in the body. External or outer adipose tissue is often referred to as subcutaneous fat, and
internal or deep adipose tissue is referred to as visceral fat. The Bioimpedance Analyzer
provides an estimate of fat mass distribution using equations developed by multiple
linear regression analysis. Body Fat is vital to daily body functions. It cushions the joints,
protects the organs and helps regulate body temperature. Too much and too little body fat
has been associated with serious health risks.

Lean Body Mass (LBM) / Fat Free Mass (FFM)
Lean Body Mass is your body weight excluding all body fat. The lean body mass is the
total mass of living cells within the body. LBM consists of muscle, bone, viscera (brain,
heart, liver and lung), some smooth muscle, minerals and other nonfat tissue. It contains
approximately 73% water, 20% protein, 6% mineral and 1% ash. The cellular components
of the body are those involved in energy exchange and those that perform chemical,
thermal or mechanical work. They make up the fat free or active tissue mass, which
exchanges oxygen, oxidizes glucose, metabolizes energy and is potassium rich. LBM
is effectively the body's engine and the main contributor to basal metabolic rate. As
most organs and smooth muscles stay relatively unchanged, the major changes that
occur in the LBM are increases or losses of skeletal muscle. Muscle represents an
important metabolic organ responsible for providing critical nutrition and hormonal
regulation of all other major organs. Sufficient loss of LBM muscle from any cause
may result in death. Loss of LBM is associated with a reduced quality of life, poor immune
response, increased biological age and impaired healing. It generally takes about three
times as long to accrete LBM as to deplete it. To build LBM requires removing catabolic
factors (stress/anxiety) while providing increased protein calories with an anabolic catalyst
and exercise program.

Intracellular Water (Toxicity Level)
Intra-Cellular Water is the potassium-rich portion of Total Body Water that is found
inside metabolically active tissues such as muscle cells. ICW is a sensitive indicator
of cellular function. An increase in ICW is associated with anabolic metabolism, or cellular
health, while a loss of ICW is associated with catabolism. Maintenance of ICW is dependent
on cellular membrane integrity, mitochondrial energy levels and the regulation of
electrolytes. Electrolytes ineffective at maintaining an osmotic gradient that holds water
within the cell are possible causes of reduced ICW. Magnesium is the key mineral
responsible for regulating electrolyte pumping into and out of the cell. Low magnesium
levels result in sodium accumulation within cells and the failure of potassium to be
pumped through the cell membrane, into the cell. For effective cellular function, the cell
membrane requires its constituents to be able to move about efficiently.
Adequate levels of essential fatty acids ensure membrane fluidity and the efficient passage
of nutrients and factors passing into and out of the cell.

Body Hydration

Total Body Water or TBW reflects the complete volume of body fluids. Care must be taken
to avoid becoming dehydrated during exercise. TBW is dependent on the hydration state
of the individual and body composition. Fatty tissue contains around 10-15% water, whereas
muscle contains a higher water concentration. A person with a high fat free mass typically
demonstrates a higher total body water volume. Women tend to have a higher body fat
percentage and, therefore, a lower total body water volume. Edema and inflammation may
result in elevated total body water and will be represented by a high extracellular water
component. Dehydration is common in the general population. This may be due to a low
intake of hydrating fluids or a disturbance in electrolyte balance.
Jacksonville Chiropractor | Body Composition & Metabolism Analysis. Dr. Sebastian Castelli is a Jacksonville Chiropractor.